How do we learn more about an essentially prehistorical group- the non-noble gaelic population. discuss the ins and outs of historic and prehistoric terminology, unique circumstances of gaelic history recording, what we know of non-nobles written by hostile outsiders. people record their culture in other ways- in their objects. Historians have widened their gaze to look at other types of evidence, but given that gaelic ulster is object light, focus of historical archaeologist has been on remains of built heritage. art history approach to objects more common- stylistically dating objects for example, but until recently the technical skill sets required to ‘read’ objects and extract information using heritage science has not been widely available- UK is currently building capacity for this