gaelic recovery and moving forward. attempts at Gaelic recovery- language, literature, and other intangibles, have suffered from becoming embroiled in Anglo Irish politics. I think another major challenge is that these things have taken place in a material vacuum. culture- the way an individual or group of people decide to do something, or anything, is reflected in all of these things- language sport, music, dancing and storytelling, but also in our relationship with the physical world around us. starting with the canvas on which all of this takes place, the landscape, their have been changes in the physical makeup of the landscape- deforestation, enclosure with hedges and ditches, but also changes in our ability to access the landscape- right to roam in Ireland amongst most restrictive in Europe, mental castellation by private landowners based on historical conflict, troubles have locked down our landscape. evidence to suggest that in addition to commercial exploitation some deforestation in post plantation ulster was designed to reduce or remove fastnesses of rebels and the bogey man wood kern. Gaelic people expressed their culture through close interaction with the landscape. breaking this interaction erodes the culture. Lack of material availability that derives from settlement in towns and look down of landscape contributes to changes in material culture- imported goods, metal cook ware, ceramic goods more viable for settled than mobile. relationship with making is fundamentally changed, people become consumers. how to rekindle this? reforestation as a cultural activity- not just for wood- lots of other forest products, drive tourism. lack of major tourist attraction in west of N.Ireland because culture is heavily contested- could we replant glenconkyne? are landscape heritage products apolitical? need to look at what materials are available to us so that we can rekindle our relationship with making- energy policy needs to be addressed to democratically harness abundant renewable energy. need to diversify agricultural output- butter and milk great but we can do so  much more- berries and soft fruits for example. not for profit businesses that make contemporary products in Ireland that reference traditional materials, techniques, styles based on historical material culture- leather, linen, wood, wool- under gaelic recovery trademark. focus on cottage industry size operations with global reach through web, goods useable in local market, innovative use of new technologies